What is a perm? And how does it work?

Welcome to Guys & Dolls Hair Salon, your go-to source for understanding hair treatments, including perms. In this comprehensive guide, we explore everything you need to know about perms: their definition, how they transform your hair, and how to decide if they’re the best choice for you. Dive into our expert insights and make an informed decision about your next hair makeover.

digital perms

Perms, a popular hair styling technique, have transformed textures for over a century. Today’s perms are much more hair-friendly, offering a gentler approach compared to the harsh chemical treatments of the past. This modern method effectively alters your hair’s natural texture, providing long-lasting curls and waves. Whether you’re looking to add volume or achieve a completely new look, understanding the evolution and benefits of perms can help you make an informed decision.

Salons often use two popular techniques for curling hair: cold perms and digital perms. In a cold perm, a stylist wraps your hair around rollers or rods and then applies a chemical solution to achieve curls. On the other hand, digital perms involve a similar wrapping process, but the rods are heated to restructure the hair follicles with heat, creating lasting curls. Both methods effectively achieve beautiful, curly hairstyles, making them a go-to choice for those looking to add volume and texture to their hair. Whether you’re considering a cold perm or a digital perm, understanding the process and results can help you make the best decision for your hair type and styling needs.

The modern perm, whether cold or digital, offers a more relaxed and subdued look compared to the tight curls of the ’80s. Today, hairstylists employ various techniques, including roller sizes and cloth wraps, to achieve a more natural, customized curl. This approach ensures that regardless of hair length or thickness, the perm process, which may take 1-2 hours or more, results in beautiful, natural-looking curls. Discover the perfect modern perm for a stunning, natural hairstyle.

What Hair Types Can Be Permed?

Perms are versatile and suitable not just for straight hair but also for enhancing natural waves and curls. Whether you’re looking to boost your bounce or achieve a more uniform, manageable wave pattern, a perm can be the perfect solution. Hair length is no barrier to getting a perm; if your hair can curl with a curling iron, it’s sufficiently long. This flexibility makes perms popular for those seeking to diversify their hair styling options and improve hair manageability.

Perms are most effective on healthy or virgin hair that hasn’t been dyed or chemically treated. Consult with your stylist if your hair is dry, bleached, color-treated, or damaged from styling tools. They might recommend custom conditioning treatments and supplements to prepare your hair for the perm service. This preparation ensures the best results for your hair’s health and appearance.

How Long Do Perms Last?

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“Perm,” short for “permanent hairstyle,” has evolved into a more semi-permanent option in modern styling. While a perm cannot be chemically reversed once set, it doesn’t mean you’re stuck with a permed look forever. Today’s perms, especially the popular beach wave perms, offer a temporary transformation lasting between 3 to 6 months, depending on your hair’s natural texture and how well you maintain it. This flexibility makes perms appealing for those looking to enhance their hair’s natural beauty without a long-term commitment. Whether you’re considering adding waves or curls, understanding the durability and care of modern perms can help you achieve and enjoy a fresh look.

Over time, your hair will naturally grow out and blend seamlessly, even as it becomes straighter, with only a slight wave at the ends. A perm root touch-up is an excellent option for those looking to keep their curls vibrant and consistent from root to tip. This is especially true if you wish to maintain your curly hairstyle without experiencing a noticeable texture change. Generally, those with naturally wavy or curly hair will find their perm lasts longer than those with straight hair. This information is crucial for anyone looking to enhance or maintain their curly hair texture, ensuring a beautiful, uniform look over time.

Caring For Your Perm

In the initial 24-48 hours after receiving your perm, allowing your hair the necessary time to set correctly is crucial. To ensure the longevity and definition of your new curls, avoid washing, tying up, or applying any form of heat styling to your hair during this period.

To ensure the health and longevity of your perm, wait 7–10 days before coloring your hair. Hair dye penetrates the hair follicle’s outer layer to deposit color. Coloring your hair too soon after a perm could lead to over-drying, damage, or even deactivating the perm chemicals. Patience is vital in perming and dyeing for the best results and in maintaining your hair’s health.

To ensure your perm remains vibrant and long-lasting, reducing your hair’s exposure to water is crucial. Excessive shampooing or frequent swimming can negatively affect your perm’s durability, losing those stunning waves. Opt for the best care of sulfate- and sodium chloride-free shampoo and conditioners. These products protect and strengthen permed hair, helping you maintain those beautiful curls or waves. Keep your perm looking fresh and fabulous by following these essential hair care tips.

Styling Your Perm

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Excellent hair care is as fundamental as the perm itself. Whether after a tousled wash-and-go style or a more polished, well-defined look, custom hair care products can help you achieve all your objectives.

Begin by switching to styling aids for textured hair, including our custom hair oil and curl cream. These must-have multitaskers promote bouncy, hydrated locks while minimizing frizz. If you’re new to the world of waves and curls, the professionals at Prose are here to help you through the learning curve. Take the Prose hair consultation to discover your customized formula and recommended routine before or after a perm.

Perms can be a fun and versatile way to change your look and add texture to your hair. However, before committing to the treatment, you must consider the maintenance and aftercare involved. If you’re considering a perm, visit Guys & Dolls Hair Salon for a consultation with one of our skilled stylists, who can help you achieve the curly or wavy hair of your dreams.

FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions About Perms

Q1: Are perms damaging to hair?

Perms involve using chemicals to alter the hair’s structure, which can cause damage if not done correctly or if the hair is already damaged. To minimize the risk of damage, it’s essential to consult with a professional stylist and ensure proper aftercare.

Q2: How long do perms last?

The longevity of a perm depends on various factors, including hair type, maintenance, and the type of perm used. On average, perms last 2 to 6 months, with some lasting even longer with proper care.

Q3: Can I color my hair before or after getting a perm?

It’s generally recommended to wait at least two weeks between coloring your hair and getting a perm to minimize damage. Alternatively, you can color your hair after getting a perm, but it’s essential to wait at least two weeks to allow the hair to recover from the chemical treatment.

Q4: Can I wash my hair after getting a perm?

It’s best to wait at least 48 hours after getting a perm before washing your hair to allow the curls to set correctly. After the initial waiting period, sulfate-free, moisturizing shampoos and conditioners are essential to maintain the health and integrity of the permed hair.

Q5: Can I style permed hair with heat tools?

While it’s possible to style permed hair with heat tools, using them sparingly is essential to avoid damage. Excessive heat can cause the curls to lose their shape and lead to dryness and breakage. Whenever possible, opt for heat-free styling methods to maintain the health of your permed hair.

Q6: Can I swim with permed hair?

Swimming with permed hair is generally acceptable, but taking precautions to protect the curls is essential. Before swimming, apply a leave-in conditioner or hair oil to create a barrier against chlorine or saltwater. After swimming, rinse your hair with fresh water and apply conditioner to replenish moisture.

Q7: Can I brush my permed hair?

It’s best to avoid brushing permed hair when it’s dry, as this can cause frizz and disrupt the curl pattern. Instead, gently detangle wet hair with a wide-tooth comb or your fingers. If you need to refresh your curls throughout the day, use a spray bottle filled with water to mist your hair and reshape the curls.